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Thursday, August 11

9:50am MDT

The Adrenal Fatigue Myth
Adrenal fatigue has become a popular diagnosis amongst both patients and practitioners within the functional/integrative medicine community. It is used to describe a wide variety of symptoms, ranging from fatigue, insomnia and brain fog, to joint pain, allergies, and weight gain. Proponents of the adrenal fatigue concept suggest that it affects millions of people around the world, and may be at the root of most modern disease. But does adrenal fatigue really exist? Is it an accurate representation of stress-related pathology? Is it in alignment with current scientific evidence? In this presentation I will critically evaluate the adrenal fatigue hypothesis, discuss the role of the HPA axis in health and disease from an ancestral perspective, and suggest a new, evidence-based paradigm for understanding the adrenal fatigue syndrome.  

Upon completion of the session participants will:
1. Gain an evolutionary perspective on the impact of stress on human physiology.
2. Understand why the “adrenal fatigue” model is not supported by the scientific evidence. 
3. Learn a new, evidence-based paradigm of understanding stress-related pathology. 

avatar for Chris Kresser

Chris Kresser

Chris Kresser M.S., L.Ac is a practitioner of functional medicine, the creator of ChrisKresser.com, the founder of the Kresser Institute, and the New York Times best selling author of The Paleo Cure. Chris was recently named one of the 100 most influential people in health and fitness... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 9:50am - 10:30am MDT

10:40am MDT

Obesogens and Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals: Obesity is About More than Diet Exercise
Why are lab animals whose diet and exercise levels are precisely controlled getting fatter along with the rest of the modern world? In the Ancestral health movement we've become very aware of the harmful effects of mismatches in diet, exercise, sleep, stress and social connections, but is there more to obesity and disease than just those factors? Growing evidence points to the role endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), and specifically a class of them known as obesogens, are playing in the obesity and diabetes epidemics. This talk will explore EDCs and obesogens – what they are, and how they work - as well as talk about what ancestrally-minded individuals can do to protect themselves and their loved ones.

avatar for Tim Gerstmar

Tim Gerstmar

Dr. Tim Gerstmar practices Naturopathic Medicine at his Redmond, WA office, Aspire Natural Health (aspirenaturalhealth.com). He specializes in working with people with digestive and autoimmune problems, and has worked with many of the most difficult to treat situations using a blend... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 10:40am - 11:20am MDT

11:30am MDT

Fat-Soluble Vitamins and Testosterone
Testosterone is essential in both males and females and makes important contributions to many aspects of health including fertility and athletic performance. Ancestral diets were rich in fat-soluble vitamins, and fat-soluble vitamins play an important role in regulating testosterone. Among several important mechanisms is the regulation of undercarboxylated osteocalcin which is released from bone into serum during bone resorption and acts as a hormone that controls insulin and testosterone signaling. Adequate fat-soluble vitamins are necessary to support the to support this mechanism, but high doses of a variety of nutritional supplements have the potential to compromise testosterone production through inhibiting bone resorption. This presentation will cover data from my laboratory showing that vitamin D can raise undercarboxylated osteocalcin levels within a broader framework that synthesizes the results of many studies and concludes with recommendations for dosing and balancing fat-soluble vitamins.

avatar for Chris Masterjohn

Chris Masterjohn

Chris Masterjohn earned his PhD in Nutritional Sciences in 2012 from the University of Connecticut at Storrs, served as a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign from 2012 to 2014, and served as Assistant Professor of Health and Nutrition... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 11:30am - 12:10pm MDT

1:40pm MDT

Dietary Management of the Apo E 4 Genotype, the True Ancestral Gene
Much controversy continues over what constitutes the ancestral diet, yet little if any attention is given to a diet that is compatible/complimentary to the true Ancestral Genome. Approximately 30% of humans carry one or both copies of the Apolipoprotein E 4 genotype (Apo E 4). The Apo E 4 genotype is common to the great apes, but only humans can and do carry Apo E 2,3, and 4 alleles. The presence of the Apo E 4 gene has been associated with increased susceptibility to accelerated atherosclerosis, decreased longevity, susceptibility to infectious diseases, and Alzheimer’s disease, by changing the way lipoproteins interact with cell surface receptors and in regulating Amyloid Beta peptides in the brain. Because of this, we have focused our attention upon keeping the small dense oxidizable particles of LDL as low as possible via a low animal fat, high soluble fiber and resistant starch diet. We have found that limiting Triglyceride production by lessening sugars, fruits, and seeded vegetables also lowers small LDL production. We further minimize the oxidization of small LDL particles using generous amounts of polyphenol rich Olive Oil as well as the polyphenols in Resveratrol, Grape Seed Extract, Turmeric, and Pomegranate Seed Oil and Extracts. Shellfish are emphasized as the animal protein of choice if desired. Unfortunately, the Paleo Diet, with its high animal fat and protein components, produces the exact opposite effect to what needs to happen in these patients. Using this protocol, we have successfully minimized the deleterious effects of this “Ancestral Gene” in thousands of patients followed for up to 15 years, many now successfully aging into their mid to late 80’s without consequence.

avatar for Steven Gundry

Steven Gundry

MD, International Heart & Lung Institute
Steven R. Gundry, M.D., is the Medical Director of the International Heart and Lung Institute and Founder of The Centers for Restorative Medicine, Palm Springs and Santa Barbara, California and former Professor and Chairman of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Loma Linda University Medical... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 1:40pm - 2:20pm MDT

2:30pm MDT

ApoE4 Mechanistics and a Protocol for the Reversal of Cognitive Decline
The apolipoprotein E4 allele (ApoE4) plays a pivotal role in processes as disparate as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), cardiovascular disease, Lewy body dementia, longevity, recovery from traumatic brain injury and stroke, hominid evolution, and inflammation. The mechanism(s) by which such disparate effects are achieved has been unexplained, since the function of ApoE has been limited to its role as a lipid-carrying protein. However, we have recently discovered that ApoE also functions as a transcription factor, binding with high affinity to double-stranded DNA, including the promoter regions of 1700 different genes (Theendakara et al., J Neurosci 2016). These results have important implications for the evolving comprehensive therapeutic program we developed to reverse cognitive decline in SCI (subjective cognitive impairment), MCI (mild cognitive impairment), and early AD (Bredesen, Aging 2014), as well as for the ancestral-modern lifestyle mismatch.

Thursday August 11, 2016 2:30pm - 3:10pm MDT

3:20pm MDT

Alzheimer’s Disease: Pathophysiology and Nutritional Implications
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a form of dementia and a degenerative disease of the cerebral cortex. Genetic and environmental risk factors to AD have been identified. The molecular characteristics of AD entail the formation of β-amyloid plaque and tangles of tau. Evidence suggests that deregulated brain metabolism and nutrient availability play a role in the pathogenesis of this Illness. In fact, type 3 diabetes mellitus has been proposed as an alternate name for AD. With emphasis on glucose, lipids, and ketone bodies, we will address the mechanisms that control nutrient transport and bioavailability in healthy and diseased brains, and how these may contribute to AD pathogenesis. Finally, we will examine the evidence suggesting a beneficial effect of nutritional ketosis in the prevention and management of AD, in addition to the influence of other dietary factors.

avatar for Rand T. Akasheh

Rand T. Akasheh

MS, PhD, University of Illinois at Chicago
Rand T. Akasheh obtained her Ph.D. degree in Kinesiology, Nutrition, and Rehabilitation from the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), with a concentration in Integrative Pathophysiology and Nutrition in 2017. Rand has worked as a co-instructor of the course “Genetic, Molecular... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 3:20pm - 4:00pm MDT

4:10pm MDT

Do sexually transmitted pathogens manipulate human sexual behavior?
Many parasites promote their replication by manipulating their hosts’ physiology and behavior, e.g. increasing host aggressiveness (to spread through bites), disrupting anti-predator defenses (to spread through ingestion), or inducing 'parasitic castration' (to spread through sustained mating effort). We’ll argue that some common STIs may manipulate human sexual behavior in their own interests, e.g. by promoting sociosexuality, bisexuality, or homosexuality, broadening mate choice criteria, increasing courtship skills, disrupting long-term relationships, or inducing female sterility. Herpes viruses and neurosyphilis seem especially well-positioned to influence neural functioning. Neurosyphilis often promotes increased sexual desire, sexual and verbal disinhibition, and an increased creative spark reminiscent of Parkinson’s L-DOPA therapy. More attention to possible STI manipulation could lead to better diagnostic criteria for STIs, interventions for reducing transmission, new explanations for non-heritable individual differences in sexual strategies, a better understanding of sexual disgust, and new insights into the evolution of human sexuality.

avatar for Geoffrey Miller

Geoffrey Miller

Associate Professor of Psychology, University of New Mexico
Geoffrey Miller is an evolutionary psychology professor at University of New Mexico; he also worked at MPI, UCL, LSE, and UCLA, with a B.A. from Columbia and a Ph.D. from Stanford. He’s best known for his books The Mating Mind, Mating Intelligence, Spent, and Mate. He has over 100... Read More →

Thursday August 11, 2016 4:10pm - 4:50pm MDT
Friday, August 12

9:00am MDT

Increase Your Healthspan By Mimicking Hunter Gathers' Meal Frequency
Studies of hunter gathers showed diseases of aging was rare among the elderly. Most attribute their health to a Paleolithic diet. Recent research indicates that their meal frequency may be just as important to their health. It is my contention, during long the periods without food, the body initiates eight repair processes that make the hunter stronger, faster, and sharper. Repair processes that evolution created to insure the survival of the human species. Research in the last 20 years, especially in Japan, document the science behind these eight fasting repair processes. I will present this science and my prolonged fasting experiences to show how it can be used to increase your healthspan.

avatar for Jake Jacobson

Jake Jacobson

BBA, Certified Primal Expert
Jake Jacobson has a BBA degree and was the founder and CEO of Help/Systems Inc, a software company. He was the one of the founding Board Members of Ancestral Health Society and is a current member of the Board. He is a certified Primal Expert.

Friday August 12, 2016 9:00am - 9:40am MDT

9:50am MDT

No Play, No Gain
Despite appearing frivolous, play is essential for healthy human development. Not just for kids, but for adults too. I will review the justifications for play in the context of our ancestry and discuss the importance of incorporating a play regimen to support optimal health, movement and life.

avatar for Darryl Edwards

Darryl Edwards

Darryl Edwards, MSc. owner of Fitness Explorer Training, is an international speaker, certified personal trainer, nutritional therapist, and award-winning author of Paleo Fitness and Paleo from A to Z. His work has been published in magazines including Men’s Fitness, Women’s Health... Read More →

Friday August 12, 2016 9:50am - 10:30am MDT

10:40am MDT

Living High and Healthy: Why Coloradans and Others Who Live at High Altitude Live Longer, and What Flatlanders Can Learn From Them
Why is it that Boulder, Colorado is the city with the lowest obesity rate in the United States --12.4%, compared with the national average of 35.7%. Boulder also has very low rates of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and other metabolic disorders. Is it because residents eat a good diet and get lots of exercise? Or is it something else? While health is multi-factorial, an examination of alpine populations around the world reveals the surprising fact that lower levels of atmospheric oxygen contribute to lower rates of obesity and diabetes. Studies show that moderate hypoxia activates several hormetic processes that produce strong health benefits. The good news is that we don’t all need to move to the mountains to harness the power of hormesis. Before the modern era, our ancestors followed some hormetic dietary and lifestyle practices which we can employ in daily life to improve health and live longer.

avatar for Todd Becker

Todd Becker

MS, MS, Getting Stronger blog
Todd Becker is the author of Getting Stronger, a popular blog that addresses a wide range of health topics through the lens of hormesis, the beneficial application of low dose stress. Todd spoke at AHS in 2013 on the downside of nutritional supplements, and in 2014 on natural myopia... Read More →

Friday August 12, 2016 10:40am - 11:20am MDT

11:30am MDT

Biohacking vs. Natural Living
Where do we draw the line between popular biohacking trends and natural, healthy living? When is biohacking too much? How can we merge an ancestral lifestyle with technology, supplements, consumer electronics and a modern world? Ben Greenfield will explore all these concepts and more as he helps you navigate through the ideal combination of being a high-tech hunter-gatherer.

avatar for Ben Greenfield

Ben Greenfield

Author, Speaker, Human Performance Consultant, GreenfieldFitnessSystems.com
Ben Greenfield is an ex-bodybuilder, Ironman triathlete, Spartan racer, coach, speaker and author of the New York Times Bestseller “Beyond Training: Mastering Endurance, Health and Life” (http://www.BeyondTrainingBook.com). In 2008, Ben was voted as NSCA’s Personal Trainer of... Read More →

Friday August 12, 2016 11:30am - 12:10pm MDT

1:50pm MDT

Food Choice & Vision Loss: Is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Preventable?
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in developed nations, affecting one of eleven people over the age of 50 and nearly one in three over the age of 75 in the United States, Australia, and Europe. Thus, AMD may affect as many as 22 million people in the U.S. and nearly 196 million people worldwide, with more than 2 million people already meeting the definition of legal blindness in both eyes from this dreaded condition. Since 1874, orthodox ophthalmology asserts that the etiology of AMD is unknown, but that it is strongly associated with aging and genetics. For the first time in history – a hypothesis for a nutritional etiology for AMD will be proffered – and connections drawn to certain characteristics of a Westernized diet.

avatar for Chris Knobbe, MD

Chris Knobbe, MD

Chris A. Knobbe, M.D. has held the position of Associate Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, in Dallas, Texas, since 2001. Certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology since 1997, Dr. Knobbe is a highly experienced eye surgeon... Read More →

Friday August 12, 2016 1:50pm - 2:30pm MDT

4:10pm MDT

Ancestral Sleep in the Modern Age
Contemporary sleep patterns and priorities in industrialized nations exhibit a high level of discord from those of hunter-gatherer populations. Inadequate sleep increases risks of cardiovascular disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes and obesity, with one recent study demonstrating that a single night of lost sleep is more metabolically damaging than six month of a high-fat Western diet. Approximately two thirds of Americans consistently sleep less than the gold standard 8 hours per night, sleep being increasingly deemed lower priority than productivity as evidenced by common idioms such as “I’ll sleep when I’m dead”. With the stark decline in average sleep duration over the last 50 years, two questions arise: What are the long-term public health implications of our modern disdain for sleep? How can hunter-gatherer sleep patterns in addition to physiologic insight inform sleep goals and guidelines? Key aspects of ancestral sleep will be discussed, including: duration, quality, consistency, seasonal variation, circadian synchronicity, and sleep hygiene.

avatar for Sarah Ballantyne

Sarah Ballantyne

PhD, ThePaleoMom.com
Sarah Ballantyne, PhD is the creator of the award-winning online resource www.ThePaleoMom.com and New York Times bestselling author of The Paleo Approach, The Paleo Approach Cookbook, and The Healing Kitchen.

Friday August 12, 2016 4:10pm - 4:50pm MDT
Saturday, August 13

9:00am MDT

More Consequences of Evolutionary Mismatch: Implications Far Beyond Diet and Exercise
The concept of evolutionary mismatch has been much discussed concerning diet and several other aspects of modern lifestyle. However, it applies much more broadly to include unequal distribution of resources, mistreatment of women, difficulty with long term planning (e.g., cigarette smoking, lack of retirement planning, failure to address environmental problems, etc.), sexual dysfunction and addiction, drug abuse, postural abnormalities, and many other challenges faced in the modern world. These mismatches can have a variety of proximal causes including people being faced with supernormal releasers, the modern social context being completely different than that in which we evolved, and the fact that our brain did not evolve to deal with certain situations. With an understanding of the underlying causes, some of these problems can be addressed in an effective way.

avatar for George Diggs

George Diggs

George Diggs is an evolutionary biologist and Co-Director of the Public Health Program at Austin College in Sherman, Texas where he has taught for 35 years. His research and teaching interests include evolution as it relates to human health, biogeography, plant defense, and the plants... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 9:00am - 9:40am MDT

9:50am MDT

Understanding the Long Body: The Power of Habitat and Tribe in Human Health
Our common image of the human body as an isolated entity is fundamentally flawed. Superficial appearance suggests an individual organism, but in fact, our bodies are continuous with and dependent upon habitat and tribe. In this presentation, we’ll explore the native, indigenous concept of “the long body,” especially our deep continuity with nature and community. Sadly, the vast majority of modern health, medical and fitness practices are aimed squarely at the short, isolated body. At best, this creates individual health islands that fail to make a real difference in public health. What we need is a bigger, more expansive vision of who we are. This is “Big Picture Paleo.”

avatar for Frank Forencich

Frank Forencich

BA Stanford, Human Biology, Exuberant Animal
Frank Forencich is an internationally-recognized speaker with thirty years teaching experience in health education, martial art and performance training. He is a regular contributor to Paleo Magazine and has traveled to Africa on several occasions to study human origins and the ancestral... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 9:50am - 10:30am MDT

10:40am MDT

Chemophobia, Appeal to Nature and Paleo Puritanism
When researchers of the Paleolithic diet first considered modern health-outcomes, they proclaimed strong evidence and unsentimental analysis. This rigour belied distortions based on the researchers' semiotic norms: the suggestions of “lean meat” and plenty of polyunsaturated fats, for example, just “happened” to reflect the 1980s milieux in which these researchers lived. As the diet has popularised, these meme “contaminants” have led to a full-blown fever of the Appeal to Nature fallacy, an inclination towards neo-Puritanism, an adoption of the Noble Savage trope and a co-option of the Prelapsarian yearning that pervades much of western culture. An analysis of some of the contradictions and strains in modern Paleo prescriptions and attitudes will be discussed, concrete examples of where these can cause actual harm will be suggested, and a logic “tool-kit” will be proposed to slice through vague health claims to reveal the truth beyond any beguiling just-so story.

avatar for Nick Mailer

Nick Mailer

After obtaining a degree from the University of Leeds in English and Philosophy, Nick co-authored the first book in the UK on the education possibilities of the Internet. He co-founded The Positive Internet Company, UK's premier open-source managed services organisation. He also founded... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 10:40am - 11:20am MDT

11:30am MDT

Histamine Intolerance: Why Freshness Matters
Not feeling well on your Paleo, GAPS, or Low-Carb Diet? You may have Histamine Intolerance! Histamine and related “biogenic amines” are found lurking within fermented, aged, cured, cultured, and smoked foods such as sauerkraut, salami, red wine, and ripened cheeses. Histamine is an important culprit in common health concerns, including migraines, allergies, IBS, asthma, insomnia, anxiety, and pre-menstrual problems. Come learn all about histamine and its ghastly brethren—Why do we need these biogenic amines in our bodies? What are they doing in our food? Why are women more likely to have Histamine Intolerance? How can you tell if you have Histamine Intolerance? How much histamine can you handle? You’ll find out everything you need to know to protect your sensitive system from this mischievous molecule.

avatar for Georgia Ede

Georgia Ede

Dr. Georgia Ede is a Harvard-trained psychiatrist specializing in college mental health, currently practicing at Smith College. In 2012 she launched DiagnosisDiet.com, a website exploring the scientific connection between food and all aspects of mental and physical health. Her study... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 11:30am - 12:10pm MDT

1:50pm MDT

Age-dependent Patterns of Adaptation to Diet in _Drosophila melanogaster_
A variety of anthropologists and physicians claim that the health of present-day humans would be enhanced by reversion to “Paleo” diets. Against them, a few assert that long-agricultural populations are well-adapted to agricultural diets, due to the speed with which natural selection can fashion effective adaptations to novel diets. But theoretical analysis based on Hamilton’s forces of natural selection suggests that both might be wrong: populations might adapt to a novel environment quickly at early ages, but only slowly and incompletely at later adult ages. Experimental tests for age-dependent adaptation to a novel diet were performed on populations of _Drosophila melanogaster_. The results support the Hamiltonian hypothesis with populations performing better on their ancestral or long-standing diet, compared to an evolutionarily recent diet, only at later ages. These findings suggest that humans could revert to an ancestral diet at later ages to alleviate age-specific related diseases. However, at early ages, long-agricultural human populations might be best able to achieve reasonable health on an agricultural diet.

avatar for Grant Rutledge

Grant Rutledge

MS, Ph.D Candidate, University of California, Irvine
Grant A. Rutledge, M.S. is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at University of California, Irvine. Grant's research focus is Evolutionary Biology of diet, aging and mismatch. He manages a team of researchers in the Rose and Mueller Lab at the University... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 1:50pm - 2:30pm MDT

4:10pm MDT

Paleopathology and the Origins of the Paleo Diet
For current human health it is extremely important to know the diet composition of early Homo sapiens and their predecessors, because this would be the diet of a ‘human in the wild’ and the diet that over the millennia shaped our genome. There are a number of ways by which this information can be gleaned from the anthropological and archeological literature. Over time, dietary changes can alter morphology. By correlating modern human morphology with that of human predecessors, we can make assumptions about changes dietary composition. Stable isotope analysis is another highly technical way to determine dietary intake of both modern and ancient humans. Paleopathological evaluation of human remains allows us to document the diseases wrought by changes in diet. The disease processes found in the skeletal remains of hunter gatherers compared to those found in agriculturalists show the devolution of human health accompanying a switch to an agricultural means of subsistence. One large group of agriculturalists, who have been studied extensively – the ancient Egyptians – provides an important data source showing the detrimental effects of a grain-based diet. This database is enormous, because of the ancient Egyptian practice of embalming their dead, which has left us with tens of thousands of soft tissue remains to be studied. These various methods of investigation, taken together, show that although the switch from hunting to farming may have been an advantageous move for humankind, it certainly was not a salubrious move for the individual human.

avatar for Michael Eades, MD

Michael Eades, MD

Michael R. Eades, M.D.is the author/co-author of ten books including the NY Times bestselling Protein Power. A long-time advocate of nutritional strategies for the treatment of obesity and other diseases of civilization, Dr. Eades has used the low-carb/ketogenic approach in his practice... Read More →

Saturday August 13, 2016 4:10pm - 4:50pm MDT